Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

Indian Medicinal Plants Database

NO:

 

Botanical Name

 

Name

 

Description 

 

 Images

 

1

 

Cyclea peltata

 

Pata Root

 

It is one of the best brain tonic used in Ayurveda along with other drugs. In the Vedic literature Patha is described as ‘Pata’
Part Used— Root
indication : diuretic, piles, blood disorders

2

 

Rauwolfia serpentina

 

snakeroot

 

it contains called reserpine, is used to treat high blood pressure and mental disorders including schizophrenia, and was particularly popular for that purpose anti dot of snake poison
useful part : root

3

 

Ocimum sanctum

 

Holy Basil / Tulasi

 

it is carminative, stomachic,antispasmodic, antiasthmatic,antirheumatic, expectorant, stimulant,hepatoprotective, antiperiodic,antipyretic and diaphoreti
useful part : whole plant

4

 

Abrus precatorius

 

Rosary Pea

 

it is toxic due to the presence of abrin.
puriefied seed are used in medicine

5

 

Aconitum heterophyllum

 

Indian Atees

 

commonly found in sub-alpine and alpine zones Himalayas.The crushed eaves, mixed with saindhav are applied focally. The seeds crushed in honey are applied locally on throat, in tonsillitis. Nasal insufflations of roots is beneficial in headache (especially migraine).
part used : tuber

 

Aloe vera

 

Aloe

 

A perennial plant with a short stem.Leaves are 30-60 cm long, erect, crowded in a basal rosette, juicy, glaucous- green, narrow lanceolate, long acuminate, margins with spiny teeth

7

 

Curcuma longa

 

Turmeric

 

The rhizomes gave curcuminoids, the mixture known as curcumin, consisting of atleast four phenolic diarylheptanoids, including curcumin and monodesmethoxycurcumi

8

 

Azadirachta indica

 

Neem

 

This is Azadirachta indica Of the family Meliaceae. It is called as neem tree commonly. Chemical Constituents- Seed oil contains margosic acid. , nimbin. Nimbidin and nimbinin. Nimbidin contains sulphur.
Use - All parts Of the tree are medicinal. In general, these are bitter, tonic, astringent, antiperiodic, antiseptic, anthelmintic and Insecticidal, often used in skin diseases.

9

 

Alpinia Galanga

 

Greater galangal

 

Ayurveda advises Rasna in vitiated conditions of Vata and Kapha, arthritis, inflammations, stomatopathy, cough, asthma, bronchitis, hiccough, dyspepsia, obesity, diabetes, tubercular glands and intermittent fevers.
useful part : rhizomes

10

 

Bacopa monnieri

 

Thyme-leaved Gratiola /

 Braahmi

 

In south India , this plant used as bramhi. it is a good brain tonic.useful in Adaptogenic, astringent, diuretic, sedative, potent nervine tonic, anti-anxiety agent (improves mental functions, used in insanity, epilepsy), antispasmodic.
useful part : whole plant

11

 

Centella asiatica

 

Asiatic pennywort or Gotu kola

 

In North India, this plant used as bramhi. its leaves shows the shape of brain.Centella asiatica is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and wetland regions of the Southeastern US
it is a good brain tonic. useful in psychotic disorder

12

 

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

 

Cinnamomun

In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.

13

 

Moringa oleifera

 

Drumstick tree

 

useful to treat and prevent diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, anemia, arthritis, liver disease, and respiratory, skin, and digestive disorders.

14

 

Ricinus communis

 

castor bean or castor oil plant

 

Eranda has been freely used all over India since centuries. In day to day life, it is commonly used as a purgative. Ayurvedic Samhitas have praised it as an asset in treating rheumatic disorders.

15

 

Nymphaea stellata

 

Lotus

 

Flowers and rhizomes used as astringent, demulcent, mild sedative, spasmolytic, antiseptic, antimicrobial. Used in the form of an infusion internally for chronic diarrhoea, as a douche for leucorrhoea and vaginitis, as a gargle for sore throat. Also given internally in prostatis.

16

 

Psoralea corylifolia Linn

 

Babchi/

Purple Fleabane

 

Psoralea corylifolia (Babchi) is an important plant in the Indian Ayurveda useful for vitilago.used in leucoderma, vitiligo, leprosy, psoriasis and inflammatory diseases of the skin, both orally and externally.
useful part : seed

17

 

Withania ashwagandha /
Withania somnifera

 

Winter Cherry

 

Ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), balance, obsessive-compulsive dirorder (OCD), insomnia, asthma, leukoderma, bronchitis, fibromyalgia, menstrual problems, hiccups, Parkinson's disease, libido

18

 

ginger

 

ginger

 

In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.

19

 

Tinospora cordifolia

 

giloy

 

Large succulent climbing shrubs or deciduous vines about 15-25 m long. Stem striate, with scattered lenticelsTinospora cordifolia is widely used medicinal plant in Ayurvedic system for its general tonic, antiperiodic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, anti-lepritic, anti-allergic and anti-diabetic properties
.

20

 

Santalum album

 

sandal wood

 

Sandalwood is the name of a class of fragrant woods from trees in the genus Santalum. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods they retain their fragrance for decades

21

 

Tribulus terrestris

 

Land-Caltrops/
Puncture Vine

 

This diuretic plant used in strangury, calculus affections, urolithiasis, crystalluria, urinary discharges, pruritus-ani, as a tonic in sexual inadequacy; also as a supporting medicine in cough and asthma. Leaf—diuretic, haemostatic. Root—stomachic, diuretic

22

 

Uraria picta

 

Prishniparni

 

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends a decoction of whole plant useful in alcoholism, insanity, psychosis,cough, bronchitis, dyspnoea; diseases due to vitiated blood; gout; bleeding piles

23

 

Phyllanthus niruri

 

Stonebreaker

 

it is an important plant of Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine which is used for stomach problems,and for the genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen useful part : whole plant

./Phyllanthus niruri - bhu amalaki

24

 

datura metel

 

Dhatura

 

Scopolamine (Hyoscine) is the major active constituent of the plant.Scopolamine has analgesic and sedative actions and produce amnesia1. It also has anti-inflammatory property

25

 

Crocus sativus

 

saffron

 

 It improves complexion and hence is used for application on hyper pigmented lesions of the skin. It is also used for apply in headache. Its paste is applied on wounds.It is useful in nervous debility, migraine, rheumatoid arthritis, pain caused by vata, loss of appetite. liver disorders, heart diseases and blood disorders

26

 

Commiphora mukul/
Balsamodendron mukul

 

Indian Bdellium,
Gum Guggul.

 

used for reducing obesity and in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, sciatica. Guggulipid is hypocholesteremic

27

 

Clitoria ternatea

 

Asian pigeonwings/
bluebellvine/
blue pea
butterfly pea/
cordofan pea/
Darwin pea

 

This plant’s root is specially used for leucoderma. It is also considered as Visahara. Brhat Trayi texts do not come across the term Aparãjita.

28

 

Plumbago zeylanica

 

 Ceylon Leadwort/
Doctorbush

 

 useful in diarrhea , piles, spleen enlargement, rheumatism , osteoarthritis

29

 

Botanical Name

 

Name

 

In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.

30

 

Cassia fistula

 

 Purging cassia

 

In Vedic literature the dried branches of Aragvadha are used for ritual performance Several external applications containing Aragvadha are mentioned in Ayurveda,
useful in skin diseases like psoriasis, ring worm, ulcers etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 Medicinal Plants

 

Tulasi - Ocimum tenuiflorum

 

Tulasi - Ocimum tenuiflorum

 

 

 

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera