Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

Indian Medicinal Plants Database



Botanical Name










Cyclea peltata


Pata Root


It is one of the best brain tonic used in Ayurveda along with other drugs. In the Vedic literature Patha is described as ‘Pata’
Part Used— Root
indication : diuretic, piles, blood disorders



Rauwolfia serpentina




it contains called reserpine, is used to treat high blood pressure and mental disorders including schizophrenia, and was particularly popular for that purpose anti dot of snake poison
useful part : root



Ocimum sanctum


Holy Basil / Tulasi


it is carminative, stomachic,antispasmodic, antiasthmatic,antirheumatic, expectorant, stimulant,hepatoprotective, antiperiodic,antipyretic and diaphoreti
useful part : whole plant



Abrus precatorius


Rosary Pea


it is toxic due to the presence of abrin.
puriefied seed are used in medicine



Aconitum heterophyllum


Indian Atees


commonly found in sub-alpine and alpine zones Himalayas.The crushed eaves, mixed with saindhav are applied focally. The seeds crushed in honey are applied locally on throat, in tonsillitis. Nasal insufflations of roots is beneficial in headache (especially migraine).
part used : tuber


Aloe vera




A perennial plant with a short stem.Leaves are 30-60 cm long, erect, crowded in a basal rosette, juicy, glaucous- green, narrow lanceolate, long acuminate, margins with spiny teeth



Curcuma longa




The rhizomes gave curcuminoids, the mixture known as curcumin, consisting of atleast four phenolic diarylheptanoids, including curcumin and monodesmethoxycurcumi



Azadirachta indica




This is Azadirachta indica Of the family Meliaceae. It is called as neem tree commonly. Chemical Constituents- Seed oil contains margosic acid. , nimbin. Nimbidin and nimbinin. Nimbidin contains sulphur.
Use - All parts Of the tree are medicinal. In general, these are bitter, tonic, astringent, antiperiodic, antiseptic, anthelmintic and Insecticidal, often used in skin diseases.



Alpinia Galanga


Greater galangal


Ayurveda advises Rasna in vitiated conditions of Vata and Kapha, arthritis, inflammations, stomatopathy, cough, asthma, bronchitis, hiccough, dyspepsia, obesity, diabetes, tubercular glands and intermittent fevers.
useful part : rhizomes



Bacopa monnieri


Thyme-leaved Gratiola /



In south India , this plant used as bramhi. it is a good brain tonic.useful in Adaptogenic, astringent, diuretic, sedative, potent nervine tonic, anti-anxiety agent (improves mental functions, used in insanity, epilepsy), antispasmodic.
useful part : whole plant



Centella asiatica


Asiatic pennywort or Gotu kola


In North India, this plant used as bramhi. its leaves shows the shape of brain.Centella asiatica is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and wetland regions of the Southeastern US
it is a good brain tonic. useful in psychotic disorder



Cinnamomum zeylanicum



In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.



Moringa oleifera


Drumstick tree


useful to treat and prevent diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, anemia, arthritis, liver disease, and respiratory, skin, and digestive disorders.



Ricinus communis


castor bean or castor oil plant


Eranda has been freely used all over India since centuries. In day to day life, it is commonly used as a purgative. Ayurvedic Samhitas have praised it as an asset in treating rheumatic disorders.



Nymphaea stellata




Flowers and rhizomes used as astringent, demulcent, mild sedative, spasmolytic, antiseptic, antimicrobial. Used in the form of an infusion internally for chronic diarrhoea, as a douche for leucorrhoea and vaginitis, as a gargle for sore throat. Also given internally in prostatis.



Psoralea corylifolia Linn



Purple Fleabane


Psoralea corylifolia (Babchi) is an important plant in the Indian Ayurveda useful for vitilago.used in leucoderma, vitiligo, leprosy, psoriasis and inflammatory diseases of the skin, both orally and externally.
useful part : seed



Withania ashwagandha /
Withania somnifera


Winter Cherry


Ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), balance, obsessive-compulsive dirorder (OCD), insomnia, asthma, leukoderma, bronchitis, fibromyalgia, menstrual problems, hiccups, Parkinson's disease, libido







In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.



Tinospora cordifolia




Large succulent climbing shrubs or deciduous vines about 15-25 m long. Stem striate, with scattered lenticelsTinospora cordifolia is widely used medicinal plant in Ayurvedic system for its general tonic, antiperiodic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-arthritic, anti-lepritic, anti-allergic and anti-diabetic properties



Santalum album


sandal wood


Sandalwood is the name of a class of fragrant woods from trees in the genus Santalum. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods they retain their fragrance for decades



Tribulus terrestris


Puncture Vine


This diuretic plant used in strangury, calculus affections, urolithiasis, crystalluria, urinary discharges, pruritus-ani, as a tonic in sexual inadequacy; also as a supporting medicine in cough and asthma. Leaf—diuretic, haemostatic. Root—stomachic, diuretic



Uraria picta




The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends a decoction of whole plant useful in alcoholism, insanity, psychosis,cough, bronchitis, dyspnoea; diseases due to vitiated blood; gout; bleeding piles



Phyllanthus niruri




it is an important plant of Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine which is used for stomach problems,and for the genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen useful part : whole plant

./Phyllanthus niruri - bhu amalaki



datura metel




Scopolamine (Hyoscine) is the major active constituent of the plant.Scopolamine has analgesic and sedative actions and produce amnesia1. It also has anti-inflammatory property



Crocus sativus




 It improves complexion and hence is used for application on hyper pigmented lesions of the skin. It is also used for apply in headache. Its paste is applied on wounds.It is useful in nervous debility, migraine, rheumatoid arthritis, pain caused by vata, loss of appetite. liver disorders, heart diseases and blood disorders



Commiphora mukul/
Balsamodendron mukul


Indian Bdellium,
Gum Guggul.


used for reducing obesity and in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, sciatica. Guggulipid is hypocholesteremic



Clitoria ternatea


Asian pigeonwings/
blue pea
butterfly pea/
cordofan pea/
Darwin pea


This plant’s root is specially used for leucoderma. It is also considered as Visahara. Brhat Trayi texts do not come across the term Aparãjita.



Plumbago zeylanica


 Ceylon Leadwort/


 useful in diarrhea , piles, spleen enlargement, rheumatism , osteoarthritis



Botanical Name




In ayurveda this medicinal plant used againts poison. Due to its blood purification property useful in skin disease and astma.



Cassia fistula


 Purging cassia


In Vedic literature the dried branches of Aragvadha are used for ritual performance Several external applications containing Aragvadha are mentioned in Ayurveda,
useful in skin diseases like psoriasis, ring worm, ulcers etc.






 Medicinal Plants


Tulasi - Ocimum tenuiflorum


Tulasi - Ocimum tenuiflorum




Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera