Tulasi - Ocimum sanctum (O. Tenuiflorum)

Family Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat Throughout India; grown in houses, gardens and temples.



English Holy Basil, Sacred Basil.Ayurvedic Tulasi, Surasaa, Surasa,Bhuutaghni, Suravalli, Sulabhaa,
Manjarikaa, Bahumanjari, Devadundubhi, Apet-raakshasi, Shuulaghni,Graamya, Sulabhaa.


Action Leaf—carminative, stomachic,antispasmodic, antiasthmatic,antirheumatic, expectorant, stimulant,hepatoprotective, antiperiodic,antipyretic and diaphoretic.

Seed— used in genitourinary diseases.




Root—antimalarial. Plant—adaptogenic,antistress.


Essential oil—
antibacterial, antifungal.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India
seed in rhinitis and influenza; the seedin psychological disorders, includingfear-psychosis and obsessions.
Major components of the essentialoil are eugenol, carvacrol, nerol and eugenolmethylether.







Leaves have been reported to contain ursolic acid, apigenin,
luteolin, leaves showed hepato-protective effect
against paracetamol-induced liver damage. The plant extract exhibited antiulcerogenic
property against experimental ulcers. Oral administration of alcoholic extract of leaves lowers blood sugar level in normal, glucose-fed hyperglycaemic



Administration of the juice of the plant affected a significant reduction in the size of urinary brushite crystals. A study of methanol extract and aqueous suspension of the leaves
showed immunostimulation of humoral immunologic response in albino rats indicating the adaptogenic action
of the plant.

Dosage Seed—1–2 g powder (API,
Vol. IV); plant—12–24 ml infusion


Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants