Botanical Name: Paganum harmala

Family: Rutaceae


Latin name: Paganum = rustic - belonging to the country; harmal = from the name Harmal.

 English name: Syrian Rue.




Botanical Description: This shrub, 0.5 to 1 mt. in height, has a life span of many years.

Leaves - 6-9 cm. long, equidistant.

Flowers - white, arising from the angle of the leaves. 12 to 15 stamens are distributes in two circles.

Fruits - round, trilobulated, easily breakable, contain three black seeds with a strong fragrance. It i said that seeds are used for extinguishing fire. Out of the two varieties, brownish variety is very useful.

 Habit Rajasthan, Iran, Sindh, Kashmir, Punjab, North India, West India.



Guna: laghu, ruksha;

Rasa: tikta;

Vipaka: . katu;

Virya: ushna;

Dosha: kaphavatashamak, pittavardhak.




Uses: It is used as an analgesic, antibacterial, antiflatulent, anthelmintic, blood purifier, expectorant, oxytropic, galactogogue, emmenagogue and anticonvulsant. Medicated’ oil is used in earache.


 Dose: 1 to 3 gms. Excess dose causes burning, euphoria, addiction and nausea. Drugs of mädhur and amla properties are used for relieving the symptoms.







Dosha: Kaphaghna. vataghna, pittavardhak.

Dhatu: Majja. rakta. rasa.

Mala: Purisha (anthelmintic).

Organ: Uterus )contraction). Treatment should be done cautiously.


Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

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