Botanical Name: Ficus microcarpa Linn. f.

Family: Moraceae

 

 Introduction:

This plant have aerial roots, very much useful in skin disease.

 

Names in different Indian languages

 

English

 

Hindi

Kamarup

Kannada

Itti

Malayalam

Itti

Sanskrit

Plaksha

Tamil

Kallicci, icci

Telugu

plaksha

Unani

 

Folk

 

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

 

 Ficus retusa auct. non Linn

 

 

          
        

  

 

Varieties & adulterants - (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) 

 Ficus lacor – CV

Ficus amplissima - CV

 

 


Morphology

Medium sized tree, with aerial roots.

Leaves – simple,alternate, lanceolate

Flower – hypanthodium

Fruit –globose, yellowish when ripe

 

 


Distribution & Habitat

All over India

 

 

Chemical constituents:

 methylricinolate, beta-sitosterol, lanosterol, caffeic acid,

 

Properties:

RASA-kashaya

GUNA-guru

VIRYA-sitha

VIPAKA-katu

 

Karma –vranasodhana, raktapittahara, yonisodhana, sophahara

 

 

Srotogamitva:

 Dosha : kapha-pittaghna

 Dhatu :rakta

 Mala :mutrala

Organ : skin, kidney

 

 

 Indication:

ulcers, diarrhea, diabetes, ulcer, dropsy, skin diseases, oedema and inflammations

Part used:

  Root, bark, resin

 

Dosage: 

Powder 2-4 g

 

 

 


Important Yogas  or  Formations:

      Panchavalkaladi ghridha and taila, naalpamaradi kashya and taila                       

 

Therapeutic Uses:

  1. Bark decoction useful in skin disease
  2. Bark powder + sundi + haridra useful in oedema

 

Descriptions on  Ayurveda books / Nighandu:

  

 

1.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

 

 

 

 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants