Indian Medicinal Plants Database
Medicinal Plants or Medicinal herbs are essence of Traditional medicine practice. Treatment using herbs developed different parts of world in different names. Herbalism is the systematic study of medicinal herbs and its botany. Mainly focusing its medicinal uses. Ethnomedicine is the study of traditional medicine. Researchers identify and separate various active chemicals in the medicinal plants.
Indian medicinal plants or Ayurvedic medicinal Plants are the essence of Ayurveda and Ayurvedic treatments. When used judicially and clocking with the basic principles they produce miraculous effects. Their role cannot be confined to mere curative of disease but they also used being of human body. Hence, Ayurvedic drugs are rightly called the elixirs of life. Ayurvedic Herbs played important role in Ayurvedic treatment, from ancient time to this most modern time.
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The uses of medicinal plants can even see in pre historic time from the Sumerian civilization. In Sumerian civilization medicinal plants listed in clay. They mentioned about 100 medicinal plants. Ancient Egyptians documented about 800 medicinal plants in ‘Ebers Papyrus’.
‘Shennong Ben Cao Jing’ , is the Chinese pharmacopeia of medicinal plants , which helped Chinese Traditional healers to treat patients. ‘Dioscorides’ was a Greek physician , he wrote a pharmacopeia of medicinal plants called ‘De materia medica’ . which described 600 medicinal plants and its various combinations useful in treatments.
Aristotle's and his student, Theophrastus wrote the first systematic botany text called ‘Historia plantarum’. That was the first book in botany which classified plants into systematic groups.
In India, various traditional system of medicine are developed. Ayurveda and Sidha are well known, now commonly called Indian System of Medicine. Treatments based upon medicinal herbs and herbo mineral combination are essence of Ayurveda and Sidha. Modecinal plants listed in Ayurvedic text books or coming under ayurveda listed as Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Ayurveda books classified medicinal plants according to its uses and properties. About 800 medicinal plants were listed.
From historical time, medicinal plants used for medical purpose. It is believed that about 50 thousand before herbalism existed. Written history could be see in sumarien civilization, which was 5000 years old. Herbalism may apply modern standards of effectiveness testing to herbs and medicines derived from natural sources because many modern medicine compounds are derived from plants. It referred as phytomedicine, phytotherapy or paraherbalism. Nutrient supplements prepared from herbs classified under phytotherapy.
According to WHO (World Health Organization) 80 % of Asian and African population uses herbal medicine due to its low expense. About 25% of drugs using in USA derived from medicinal plants. 7,000 medical compounds and 120 active compounds currently isolated from herbs.
Single plant or multiple plant combinations are used. It Prepared in many form. Herbal juice extract, dry powder, tea, decoction , Tinctures ,alcoholic preparation and oil or ghee preparations are available.
Uses of herbal medicines by animals
It is believed that traditional healers started learning herbal medicine on observing the sick animals.
Ethnomedicine is a study or comparison of the traditional medicine based on bioactive chemicals in the herbs and animals and practiced by various ethnic groups. ethnobotany and medical anthropology are the tools using in Ethnomedicine. The purpose of the research is to identify and develop a marketable pharmaceutical product. From Chinese medicine ‘Yu’ identified ‘Artemisin’ named chemical compound useful in Malaria disease.
These are chemical compounds synthesized by plants as its part of metabolism, may be part of defensive mechanism. Alkaloids, Glycosides, Glycosides, Terpenes are main Phytochemicals. Alkaloids are bitter-tasting chemicals examples are atropine, scopolamine, hyoscyamine, caffeine , cocaine, ephedrine (Ephedra), morphine. Anthraquinone glycosides are found in medicinal plants such as rhubarb, cascara, and Alexandrian senna. Polyphenols of several classes of chemicals, useful defenses against plant diseases and predators . examples are phytoestrogens and astringent tannins. Terpenes and terpenoids are found in resinous plants such as the conifers.
Cultivation may be traditional or conservative agriculture practices. World Health Organization recommends the use of rotation. Study about Soil type, climate , temperature , humidity is needed to obtain satisfactory yields.
of Medicinal Plants
It is a blind belief that herbal medicines are safe. Side effects are present for herbal medicines also. Wrong prescription, wrong dosage, adulteration, quackery causes herbal treatments more unsafe. Many governments started giving license under strict order to practice herbal medicine.
want Indian Medicine to became more popular
in entire world, keeping that purpose in
mind, i am introducing an encyclopedia of CD
Rom and web site. So that you will get deep,
most accurate and useful information about
medicinal plants using in Ayurveda.
Medicinal Herbs shows good result on disease
cure. Ayurveda is the medical / Health care
system in India, which uses this as
treatment base, with 'theoretical
principles'. We need to research many things
to find out the pharmacological action of
I want Indian Medicine to became more popular in entire world, keeping that purpose in mind, i am introducing an encyclopedia of CD Rom and web site. So that you will get deep, most accurate and useful information about medicinal plants using in Ayurveda. Medicinal Herbs shows good result on disease cure. Ayurveda is the medical / Health care system in India, which uses this as treatment base, with 'theoretical principles'. We need to research many things to find out the pharmacological action of it.
of 30 important Indian Medicinal Plants and
Tulasi - Ocimum tenuiflorum
Holly basil grown in houses, gardens and temples, known as Tulasi, Surasa, Bhuutaghni, Suravalli, Sulabha, etc. Read More about Tulasi-Ocimumtenuiflorum
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