- rauwolfia serpentina - Sarpagandha
- KUMKUM - (Crocus sativus- mediinal plant))
- Ayurvedic Anti-Inflammatory Herbs
- Alpinia Galanga - RASANA
- Guduci - Tinospora cordifolia
- Phyllanthus niruri - bhu amalaki / boo amalaki
- datura metel -Dhatura
- Acalypha indica Linn.
- Cressa cretica -Rudravanti
- Commiphora mukul / Balsamodendron mukul
- Solanum trilobatum
Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base
Mucuna prurita Hook.
Synonym M. pruriens Baker non DC.
Family Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Throughotu India, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
English Cowhage, Horse-eye Bean. Ayurvedic Aatmaguptaa, Kapikacchuu, Rshabhi, Adhigandhaa, Ajadaaa, Kacchuraa, Laanguli, Rshyaproktaa, Svaguptaa, Shyaamguptaa, Markati, Kanduraa, Kevaanch, Shuukashimbi.
Action Seed—astringent, nervine tonic, local stimulant, used in impotence, spermatorrhoea, urinary troubles, leucorrhoea, traditionally used for male virility. Also used in depressive neurosis. Hair on fruit— vermifuge, mild vesicant; used for diseases of liver and gallbladder. Leaf—applied to ulcers. Pod— anthelmintic. Root and fruit—spasmolytic, hypoglycaemic. Root— CNS active.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the seed in impotence and paralysis agitans; the root in vaginal laxity.
The seeds contain the alkaloids, mucunine, mucunadine, mucunadinine, prurieninine, pruriendine and nicotine, besides beta-sitosterol, gluthione, lecithin, vernolic and gallic acids. They contain a number of bioactive substances including tryptamine, alkylamines, steroids, flavonoids, coumarins and cardenolides. L-DOPA is present in the seed as well as in the stem, leaves and roots.
Major constituents of the hairs on the pod are amines such as 5-hydroxy- tryptamine (serotonin), and a proteolytic enzyme mucuanain. (Serotonin was present only in pods.)
Prurieninine slowed down heart rate, lowered blood pressure and stimulated intestinal peristalsis in experiments carried out on frogs. The spasmolysis of smooth muscles was caused by indole bases.
Seed diet produced hypoglycaemic effect in normal rats, however, such diet had insignificant effect on alloxantreated rats.
There is some evidence that Cowhage might be useful for chlorpromazine-induced hyperprolactinemia in men.