- rauwolfia serpentina - Sarpagandha
- KUMKUM - (Crocus sativus- mediinal plant))
- Ayurvedic Anti-Inflammatory Herbs
- Alpinia Galanga - RASANA
- Guduci - Tinospora cordifolia
- Phyllanthus niruri - bhu amalaki / boo amalaki
- datura metel -Dhatura
- Acalypha indica Linn.
- Commiphora mukul / Balsamodendron mukul
- Cressa cretica -Rudravanti
- Solanum trilobatum
Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base
Gossypium arboreum Linn.
Habitat Cultivated all over India as a fibre plant.
English Tree Cotton, Desi Cotton. Ayurvedic Kaarpaasi.
Siddha/Tamil Sempartthi (Red Cotton), Sivappuparutthi.
Action Seed—anticatarrhal (used in consumption), antigonorrhoeic (used in gleet and chronic cystitis). Root—febrifuge. Plant (especially leaf)—uterine stimulant.
The glands contain 35—50% gossypol, a polyphenolic toxic compound. Seeds contain 18.5—25.4% protein, 0.57—2.38% free gossypol. Gossypol is a male contraceptive. At an initial dose of 20 mg/day orally for 3 months, followed by 50—60 mg weekly maintenance dose, sperm motility is reduced initially as it inhibits important enzymes of metabolic pathways thus affecting availability of enzyme to spermatozoa. Subsequently sperm production is blocked.
Gossypol is reported to cause a transient weakness early in therapy, hypokalaemia and changes in ECG among other side effects.
Gossypol also assists menstrual flow and effectively inhibits eggs implantation.
Gossypol and its derivatives have been shown to have significant antimicrobial activity as well as wound healing effect. It is reported to kill herpes virus.