Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

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Annona squamosa

Annona squamosa Linn.

 

 

Family : Annonaceae.

 

 

Annona squamosa


Habitat A native to South America and the West Indies; now cultivated throughout India.

English Custard Apple, Sugar Apple, Sweet-sop.

Ayurvedic Gandagaatra, Sitaa phala

Unani Sharifaa.

Siddha/Tamil Sitaaphalam, Atta.

 

Annona squamosa


Action Leaves—insecticide (seed powder, mixed with leaf juice is used for removing lice from scalp). Seeds—abortifacient. Root— purgative, used in blood dysentery. Fruit—invigorating, sedative to heart, antibilious, antiemetic, expectorant. Dried, powdered unripe fruits—used for treating ulcers. Ripe fruit made into paste with betel leaves is applied to tumour to hasten suppuration. Leaves, bark, unripe fruit—strongly astringent; used for diarrhoea and dysentery.

A fraction of total alkaloid from roots exhibits antihypertensive, antispasmodic, antthistaminic and bronchodilatory properties. Leaves contain a cardiotonic alkaloid, quinoline. Squamone and bullatacinone were selectively cytotoxic to human breast carcinoma.

In Cuban medicine, leaves are taken to reduce uric acid levels.

 

Annona squamosa

 

Important Links

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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