Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

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Commiphora mukul / Balsamodendron mukul

 

Commiphora mukul.jpg

Commiphora mukul / Balsamodendron mukul

Synonym :- Commiphora mukul

(Hook. ex Stocks) Engl. C. wightii (Arn.) Bhandari.

Family :- Burseraceae.

Habitat :- Rajasthan, Madhya

Pradesh, Assam, Andhra Pradesh,

Karnataka.

English :- Indian Bdellium, Gum Guggul.

Ayurvedic :- Guggul, Devadhoop,

Kaushika, Pur, Mahishaaksha,

Palankash, Kumbha, Uluukhala.

Unani :- Muqallal yahood, Muql, Bu-e-Jahudaan

Siddha/Tamil :- Erumaikan

Kungiliyam.

Action :- Oleo-gum-resin—used for

reducing obesity and in rheumatoid

arthritis, osteoarthritis, sciatica.

Key application :- In the treatment

of hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolaemia and obesity. Guggulipid is hypocholesteremic.

Guggul resin contains steroids—gugglsterones Z and E, guggulsterols I–V, diterpenoids; volatile oil, including other constituents, contains a terpene hydrocarbon cembrene A. E- and Zguggulsterones are characteristic constituents,

which distinguish C. mukul from other Commiphore sp. Guggul resin increases catecholaminebiosynthesis and activity in cholesterol- fed rabbits, inhibits platelet aggregation, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and appears to activate the

thyroid gland in rats and chicken. Zguggulsterone may increase uptake of

iodine by thyroid gland and increase oxygen uptake in liver and bicep tissues.

The gum is also used in hemiplegia

and atherosclerotic disorders; as a gargle in pyrrhoea aveolaris, chronic tonsilitis

and pharyngitis. Fumes are recommended in hay fever, chronic bronchitis and nasal catarrh. Oleo-gum resin of Balsamodendron

caudatum is also equated with Guggul in Siddha medicine.

Dosage :- Oleo-gum-resin—1.53 g

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