Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

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MIMUSOPS ELANJI - BAKULA

MIMUSOPS ELANJI – BAKULA

Mimusops elengi is a medium-sized evergreen tree found in tropical forests in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Northern Australia. English common names include Spanish cherry, Medlar, and Bullet wood. Its timber is valuable, the fruit is edible, and it has traditional medicinal uses.

 

MIMUSOPS ELANJI - BAKULA


Scientific classification

Kingdom:

Plantae

(unranked):

Angiosperms

(unranked):

Eudicots

(unranked):

Asterids

Order:

Ericales

Family:

Sapotaceae

Genus:

Mimusops

Species:

M. elengi L.

Binomial name

Mimusops elengi L.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Maulsari_%28Mimusops_elengi%29_ripe_fruit_in_Kolkata_W_IMG_2833.jpg/190px-Maulsari_%28Mimusops_elengi%29_ripe_fruit_in_Kolkata_W_IMG_2833.jpg

The ripe fruit has many traditional uses.

Mimusops elengi is a medium-sized evergreen tree found in tropical forests in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Northern Australia. English common names include Spanish cherry,[1], Medlar[1], and Bullet wood. Its timber is valuable, the fruit is edible, and it has traditional medicinal uses.

Tree description

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Maulsari_%28Mimusops_elengi%29_in_Hyderabad_W_IMG_7161.jpg/250px-Maulsari_%28Mimusops_elengi%29_in_Hyderabad_W_IMG_7161.jpg

Flowers in Hyderabad, India.

Bullet wood is an evergreen tree reaching a height of about 16 m. It flowers in April, and fruiting occurs in June. Leaves are glossy, dark green, oval shaped, 5–14 cm long and 2.5–6 cm wide. Flowers are cream, hairy and scented. Bark is thick and appears dark brownish black or grayish black in colour, with striations and a few cracks on the surface. The tree may reach up to a height of 30–60 ft with about 1 m in circumference.

Ayurvedic uses

The bark, flowers, fruits and seeds are astringent, cooling, anthelmintic, tonic, and febrifuge. It is mainly used in dental ailments like bleeding gums, pyorrhea, dental caries and loose teeth.

Extract of flowers used against heart diseases, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia and act as antiduretic in polyuria and antitoxin. The snuff made from the dried and powdered flowers used in a disease called Ahwa in which strong fever, headache and pain in the neck, shoulders and other parts of the body occurs.

Ripened fruits facilitates in burning urination. The ripe fruit pounded and mixed with water is given to promote delivery in childbirth. Powder of dried flowers is a brain tonic and useful as a snuff to relieve cephalalgia. Decoction of bark is used to wash the wounds.

Important Links

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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