- Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants CD Rom , ISBN:9789385345098
- Embelia ribes Burm. F
- Ceropegia juncea Roxb
- Sonneratia caseolaris
- Cassia fistula- its Ayurveda property, usage and pharmacological study
- Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 3
- Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 2
- Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 1
- पारसीकवचा- Smilax china
- पार्वती - Linum usitatissimum
- पापचॆलिका- Cissampelos pareira (medicinal herbs)
- पातालगरुडी- Cocculus hirsutus
- पाण्डुरद्रुमः- Hollarhena antidysenterica
- पाण्डुफलः- Trichosanthes dioica (medicinal herb)
- पाण्डुकः- Oryza sativa (medicinal plant)
- पाण्डु- Teramnus labialis
- पाठी - Plumbago zeylanica
Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base
Juniperus communis Linn. var. saxatillis Palias.
Synonym I. communis auct. non L.
Family Pinaceae; Cupressaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe and North America. Distributed in Western Himalayas from Kumaon westwards at 1,700—4,200 m.
English Common Juniper.
Ayurvedic Hapushaa, Havushaa, Haauber, Matsyagandha.
Unani Abahal, Haauber, Hubb-uIarar, Aarar.
Action Berries—diuretic, urinary antiseptic, carminative, digestive, sudorific, anti- inflammatory, emmenagogue. Used for acute and chronic cystitis, renal suppression (scanty micturition), catarrh of the bladder, albuminuria, amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea. Aerial parts—abortifacient.
Key application In dyspepsia. (German Commission E.) Juniper berry may increase glucose levels in diabetics. (ESCOP.) As a diuretic. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of
India recommends the dried fruit
in malabsorption syndrome.
Animal studies have shown an increase in urine excretion as well as a direct effect on sooth muscle contraction. (German Commission E, ESCOP) Contraindicated in kidney disease. (Sharon M. Herr.)
(In Kerala, Hapushaa and Mundi are considered to be synonyms; Syphaeranthus indicus,Asteraceae, is used as Hapushaa.)
The major constituents of the volatile oil are alpha-pinene, sabinene and alpha-terpinene. Methanolic extract of the plant gave several labdane diterpenoids and diterpenes. The leaves contain the biflavones, cupressuflavone, amentoflavone, hinokiflavone, isocryptomerin and sciadopitysin. The berries also contain condensed tannins. Seeds gave haemagglutinin.
Juniperus recurva Buch-Ham ex D. Don, syn. I. excelsa auct. non-Bieb. (temperate Himalaya from Kashmir to Bhutan) is known as Weeping Blue Juniper. I. macropoda Boiss. (the Hi malaya from Nepal onwards) is known as Himalayan Indian Juniper. Both the species are used like J. communis var. saxatillis.
The berries gave a diterpene ketone, sugrol, beta-sitosterol glucoside and lO-nonacosanol.
Plant extract can be used in tooth- pastes and mouth-rinses to reduce dental plaque and bleeding.
Dosage Dried fruit—2—6 g powder.