Pudina (Mentha piperita)

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Pudina – Mentha piperata is a plant which is used for the treatment of indigestion, pain in joints, diarrhea, cough, dysmenorrhea and fever.  

Latin name- Mentha piperata Linn. Mentha spicata
Family- Labiate

Names in different languages:


All the Indian languages like Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Gujarathi, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu etc use the name Pudina for the plant. In English the plant is known as Spearmint or Garden mint.

Arabic – Phujanaj
Bengali name – Pudina
Burmese name – Bhudina
Canada – Chetni-maruga
Hindi – Podina
Malayalam – Putina
Marathi name – Pudina

Synonyms:


Rochani- Improves the taste perception

Pahari- Grow in the cool climate of hills
Pudina, Putiha, Pudina, Podinaka, Phudino, Podina

Classical categorization:


Bhavaprakash Nighantu – Anekaryanam varga
Nighantu Adarsha – Putikaranjadi varga
Dhanavantari Nighantu – Suvarnadi varga

 

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Morphology:


Mentha piperata is a perennial herb growing in the hilly regions or in the cold climatic regions of India. The plant has a strong odor and grows to a height of 1-2 foot. The leaves are slimy, dark and have a strong odor. The flowers are purple in color.Mentha spicata is also used as a synonym for Mentha piperata.

Pudina (Mentha piperita) medicinal properties:


Rasa (Taste) – Katu (Pungent)

Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature), Teekshna (Strong)
Vipaka – – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)

Part used- Leaf, oil extract
Dosage-
Leaf juice- 5 to 10 ml

Cold infusion- 25 to 30 ml
Oil- 1 to 3 drops

Chemical constituents of Mentha piperata:


The major constituents of the essential oil are: menthol, menthone, pule- gone, menthofuran, 1,8-cineole, menthyl acetate, isomenthone. The leaves contain flavonoid glycosides, eriocitrin, luteolin 7-O-rutinoside, hesperi- din, isorhoifolin, diosmin, eriodictyol 7-O-glucoside and narirutin, besides rosmarinic acid, azulenes, cholene, carotenes.

रोचनी वह्रिजननी वक्त्रजाड्यनिशूदनी |
कफवातहरी बल्या चर्द्यर्ह्रोचकवारिणी॥      ( आ. वि)

 

Medicinal uses of mint leaves: 

  • Pudina is used in many cuisines all over the world, to enhance the taste of the dish.
  • The leaves of Mentha piperata is used as carmative and helps in digestion of the food.
  • 1-3 drops of oil obtained after the processing from the plant is used with hot water to treat indigestion and relive colic pain.
  • The paste of the leaf of Mentha piperata is applied over the joints to relive pain and localized inflammation.
  • Cold infusion of the plant in a dose of 30-40 ml is used to relieve dysmenorrhea and fever.
  • The fresh juice of the leaf of Pudina, in a dose of 5 to 10 ml is given with honey to relieve cough and sore throat.
  • The paste of the leaf is applied over the skin to relieve itching sensation and wound associated with pus.
  • The distillate of the leaf is extracted and used in a dose of 1 to 3 drops with hot water to treat indigestion and bloating of abdomen.
  • Gargling is done by adding fresh juice of the leaf of Pudina with water to relieve bad odor from the mouth and treat inflammation of the gums.
  • The paste of the leaf of Pudina is given with first morsel of food to treat intestinal worms.

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Adverse effect:


Although it is used in many consumer products, mint may cause allergic reactions in some people, inducing symptoms such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea, headaches, heartburn, tingling or numbing around the mouth, anaphylaxis or contact dermatitis.

Formulations containing Putiha:


Antharth oil and liniment: It is a proprietary medicine useful to relive joint pain, reduce morning sickness and localized inflammation after external application.

Appirich syrup: Appirich Syrup is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful as an appetizer in children. It improves taste in food and makes the child to feel hunger and eat well.

Calcurosin syrup: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful to treat urinary bladder calculi and kidney stones.

Capsin cream: It is a cream used for external application in treating joint pain, muscle spasm and arthritis.

Kofsil syrup: Kofsil Syrup is a non-sedative herbal cough syrup. It is used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, bronchitis, bronchospasm, allergic asthma and smoker’s cough.

Acidowin tablet: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine useful to treat hyperacidity, flatulence, reflux oesophagitis and motion sickness.

Cultivars variety

Mentha × piperita 'Candymint'. Stems reddish.
Mentha × piperita 'Chocolate Mint'. Flowers open from bottom up; reminiscent of flavour in Andes Chocolate Mints, a popular confection.
Mentha × piperita 'Citrata'. Includes a number of varieties including Eau De Cologne Mint, Grapefruit Mint, Lemon Mint, and Orange Mint. Leaves aromatic, hairless.
Mentha × piperita 'Crispa'. Leaves wrinkled.
Mentha × piperita 'Lavender Mint'.
Mentha × piperita 'Lime Mint'. Foliage lime-scented.
Mentha × piperita 'Variegata'. Leaves mottled green and pale yellow.
"Mentha suaveolens" 'Apple Mint'. Foliage is light green and hairy. Used as a ground cover and for cooking

 

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Research articles related to Mentha piperata:


Anti-bacterial action: The antibacterial activity of peppermint oil and different extracts of Mentha piperita against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains was evaluated in the present research work by agar well diffusion method. The oil and extracts also exhibited significant antioxidant activity and the oil showed about half potency when compared to the standard BHT.

Anti- diabetic action: The present study was undertaken with an objective to observe effectiveness of oral administration of Peppermint juice in alloxan induced diabetic wistar rats. The present experimental study provides further evidence that oral administration of Peppermint juice for 21 days produced a significant decrease (p <0.0010) in the blood glucose level of alloxan induced diabetic rats.

Wound healing action: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of topical Mentha piperita and Cymbopogan citratus oil on wound healing. Diabetic induced infected wound treatment with topical Mentha piperita ointment treatment and their another essential ointment in Cymbopogan citratus wound contraction studies a circular piece08 mm2 in area 20th days compared wound healing study on the wound contraction studies a circular piece 08mm2 in area 18th days highly effective in Mentha piperita ointment.

Anti- fungal action: Essential oil of Mentha piperita was analyzed by GC and GC-MS and evaluated for in vitro antifungal activity against Dreschlera spiciferaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris and Macrophomina phaseolin. The oil was found to be effective against these fungal pathogens under laboratory screening. The antifungal activities of the oil increased with an increase in the concentration.

Anti-emetic action in chemotherapy: This study is aimed at determining the efficacy of Mentha spicata (M. spicata) and Mentha × piperita (M. × piperita) in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The treatment and placebo groups applied essential oils of M. spicata, M. × piperita, or a placebo, while the control group continued with their previous antiemetic regimen. There was a significant reduction in the intensity and number of emetic events in the first 24 h with M. spicata and M. × piperitain both treatment groups (p < 0.05) when compared with the control and no adverse effects were reported. The cost of treatment was also reduced when essential oils were used.

 

 

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