Mallotus philippensis Muell-Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat Throughout tropical regions of India.
English Karnala tree, Monkey Face tree.
Ayurvedic Kampilaka, Kampila,
Karkash, Raktaanga, Rechan, Chandra.
Unani Kamilla, Kambilaa.
Siddha/Tamil Kapli, Kalupatti.
Action Gland and hair of fruit— purgative, anthelmintic, styptic. Used for the treatment of tapeworm infestation; in scabies, ringworm, herpes. Fruit—hypoglycaemic, spasmolytic, antibacterial.
Capsule hair and glands gave phlo
roglucinol derivatives; rottlerin, isorot
tlerin, iso-ailorottlerin (the “red com
pound”) and methylene-bis-methyl
phloroacetophenone (the “yellow com
pound”). The red powder, obtained
from capsules, containing largely resi
nous matter, had lithotropic effect in
rats, comparable to drugs used com
monly against urinary calculi. Two
more compounds designated as kama
lins 1 and 2 have been isolated.
The stem bark contains kamaladiol
3-acetate and friedelin.
Dosage Glands and hairs of the fruit—0.5—1.0 g powder.